That’s what people always said children they learn new things much faster than adults. As a child, for example, it takes much less time to speak a new language than as an adult. Or it takes a lot less effort to understand how a new sport is played.
But why is it like that? Could it be due to a trait that minors have and not adults? Or could it simply be because children pay more attention to new information? Recently, a group of researchers tried to answer this question.
According to this new study published in the journal current biology, the children are learn new information and skills more quickly than adults, and the reason for this is that children and adults have differences in a so-called brain messenger GABA.
As Takeo Watanabe of Brown University in the United States explains, GABA stabilizes newly learned material, that is, school-age children.they can learn more in a certain period of time than adults, which makes learning in children more effective.
The study showed that children have a rapid GABA surge during vision training that lasts after the training ends. This is in stark contrast to adult GABA levels, which remain constant.
Therefore, the results suggest that children’s brains respond differently to exercise than adults, which allows them to do so Stabilize new learning faster and more effectively.
Adult GABA shows no significant changes
It has always been assumed that children learn faster than adults, although until now there has been little scientific explanation for these claims. In addition, it was not previously clear which neural mechanisms are responsible for this more efficient learning in children.
So the researchers started from that base and tried to find that GABA differences between children and adults to answer your hypotheses.
Although previous studies had confirmed this, the researchers found that GABA was only measured in the children at one point in time and not at specific learning moments.
So they set out to see how GABA levels change before, during and after learning to analyze the differences between children and adults.
In this way, the experts analyzed visual learning in school-age children and adults using state-of-the-art imaging and behavioral techniques.
They found that visual learning a increased GABA in the visual cortex of children, the area of the brain that processes visual information. In addition, GABA increases persisted a few minutes later to finish education.
With the adults, on the other hand, what they saw was completely different because adult GABA showed no change.
Encourage this rapid learning to acquire new skills
In short, the results conclude that training with new elements quickly increases GABA concentration in children and allows for rapid stabilization of learning, while adults do not.
The results show that children can do itacquire new knowledge and skills much faster than adults, which would allow them to acquire many more skills.
According to the experts, this ability to learn quickly should be encouraged so that children can further promote this acquisition of skills by trying to learn multiplication tables or to ride a bicycle.